406 HM can be applied to damaged facilities (Categories C-G), and in some cases to improved 406 projects. Many project worksheets (PWs) are submitted without a Hazard Mitigation Proposal (HMP), and as a result the jurisdiction misses an opportunity to avoid potential future losses. Also, FEMA can potentially limit future repair costs if an HMP is not submitted.
- Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) - In some cases the grantee (state) or subgrantee (local government) must demonstrate through an acceptable BCA methodology that the measure is cost-effective. TAP can perform the BCA when appropriate.
- FEMA Hazard Mitigation Proposal (HMP) - An HMP should be submitted when a project worksheet is developed. The project officer (PO) can provide the HMP form and other general information related to the HMP.
- California Disaster Assistance Act (CDAA) Public Assistance Hazard Mitigation - CDAA will cost share with FEMA approved HMP projects. For hazard mitigation not approved by FEMA, or for a state disaster, Cal EMA can recommend funding under CDAA on a case by case basis.
FEMA 406 HM Policy Guidance:
The project pictured in the photo below protects both public (a bridge, road, school, and other infrastructure that has received repetitive damage) and private property (over 300 homes that received repetitive damages) to at least the 100 year flood event.
Special Considerations in Public Assistance
Cal EMA reviews special considerations encountered during project worksheet (PW) development. These include floodplain management issues, benefit cost analysis, insurance, and environmental review.
Floodplains - Cal EMA works cooperatively with the Californian Department of Water Resources (DWR) to provide floodplain information.
Cal EMA reviews project worksheets (PWs) for potential floodplain issues.
For government agencies needing training in floodplain management, FEMA offers several floodplain management courses through the Emergency Management Institute (EMI) in Emmitsburg, Maryland (E-194, E-270, E-273, E-278, and E-279).
Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) - Cal EMA reviews insurance issues during the development of a PW.
For government agencies applying 406 HM to a project, Cal EMA can perform the BCA.
FEMA offers a BCA course at EMI, E-276, for government agencies needing training in the FEMA BCA modules.
Any BCAs conducted by other than BCA trained Cal EMA staff will be reviewed by Cal EMA staff for 406 HM.
Insurance - Cal EMA reviews insurance issues during the development of a PW.
FEMA offers an independent study course related to special considerations available at:
The website for other FEMA training is indicated below.
Environmental/Historical Review - Cal EMA performs environmental review in accord with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), and the National Historic Perservation Act (NEPA). This is performed by the TAP Environmental Historic Unit.